2 edition of Assessment of atmospheric emissions from petroleum refining found in the catalog.
Assessment of atmospheric emissions from petroleum refining
R. G Wetherold
by U.S. Envkronmental Protection Agency, Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Center for Environmental Research Information [distributor] in Research Triangle Park, N.C, Cincinnati, Ohio
Written in English
|Statement||R.G. Wetherold, D.D. Rosebrook, and B.A. Tichenor|
|Contributions||Rosebrook, D. D, Tichenor, Bruce A., 1940-, United States. Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||5 p. :|
Environmental Impact of the Petroleum Industry June Environmental Update #12 Published by the Hazardous Substance Research Centers/South & Southwest Outreach Program H A Z A R D O U S S U B S T A N CE R E S E A R C H C E N T E R S O U T H & S O U T H W E T Petroleum refining is one of the largest industries in the United States and a vital. In this thesis, the environmental impact of airborne oil refinery emissions was analyzed for all the operating refineries worldwide. This was done, using a regionalized life cycle analysis.
"Point source" means a single identifiable source and fixed location of atmospheric emission, and includes smoke stacks and residential chimneys. "SANAS" means the South African National Accreditation System established by Section 3 of the Accreditation for Conformity Assessment Calibration and Good Laboratory Practice, (Act No. 19 of). The assessment shows that short-term mitigation options, i.e., fuel substitution and energy efficiency measures, could reduce CO2 emissions by 6% of the total current refinery emissions.
In a petroleum refinery the hydrocarbon emissions which are mostly fugitive in nature are emitted from process, offsites and periodic accidental releases such as: materials storage & handling, process, equipment leaks, solvent evaporation, combustion sources, waste treatment etc. In India, the monitoring of such emissions in a refinery are limited as also the Cited by: 9. The Government of Canada published the Final Screening Assessment for Site-Restricted Petroleum and Refinery Gases on June 1, Screening assessment conclusions As a result of the screening assessment, the Government concluded that these 40 site-restricted PRGs are harmful to human health, at levels of exposure at the time of the assessment.
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ASSESSMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC EMISSIONS FROM PETROLEUM REFINING VOLUME 2 APPENDIX A: METHODOLOGY By: RADIAN CORPORATION Post Office Box Shoal Creek Boulevard Austin, Texas For: Dr. Bruce Tichenor, Project Officer Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory Office of Research and Development ENVIRONMENTAL.
Assessment of atmospheric emissions from petroleum refining Author: R G Wetherold ; D D Rosebrook ; Bruce A Tichenor ; Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.). Assessment of atmospheric emissions from petroleum refining Author: R G Wetherold ; Lloyd P Provost ; C D Smith ; Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.) ; Radian Corporation.
The 95 percent confidence, intervals for the cumulative, percent of sources can be interpreted as ranges of values which contain the actual percent from the population of sources studied. The 90 percent confidence interval for the cumulative percent of total emissions function has a.
A description of the materials used in the refining process is given in Section 3. Included are discussions on the characteristics of crude oils, other raw materials, intermediate products, and final products. Section 4 of this appendix contains detailed informa- tion on a variety of refining processes.
processes. Petroleum refining processes having direct emission sources are presented on the figure in bold-line boxes. Listed below are 5 categories of general refinery processes and associated operations: 1. Separation processes a. Atmospheric distillation b. Vacuum distillation c. Light ends recovery (gas processing) 2.
Petroleum conversion processes Size: KB. Book chapterFull text access. Chapter Four - Crude Distillation Pages Publisher Summary Crude distillation unit (CDU) is at the front-end of the refinery, also known as topping unit, or atmospheric distillation unit.
It receives high flow rates hence its size and operating cost are the largest in the refinery. This chapter summarizes the spectrum of emissions to the atmosphere from oil and gas industry supply chains, with an emphasis on upstream and midstream activities.
Major categories of emissions include: (1) exploration and production; (2) gathering and processing; (3) combustion; (4) storage and transmission. Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations.
The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. PETROLEUM REFINING AND THE PROD UCTION OF ULSG AND ULSD OCTO Page 2 2.
PETROLEUM REFINING AT A GLANCE Petroleum refining is a unique and critical link in the petroleum supply chain, from the wellhead to the pump. The other links add value to petroleum mainly by moving and storing it (e.g., liftingFile Size: KB.
United States Industrial Environmental Research EPA/ Environmental Protection Laboratory Jufy Agency Research Triangle Part NC Research and Development Assessment of Atmospheric Emissions from Petroleum Refining: Volume 4. Total release of emissions from matched facilities were divided by total facility production.
For the petroleum refining sector, data from the various emissions inventories cover between 78% and 99% of total crude petroleum input to by: 1. stationary sources at a petroleum refinery, and (2) all air releases from cargo carriers (e.g.
ships and trains), excluding motor vehicles, that load or unload materials at a petroleum refinery including emissions from such carriers while operating within the District or within California Coastal Waters. The process-specific emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from a petroleum refinery in the Pearl River Delta, China was monitored to assess the Cited by: 3 July 7.G68 - Assessment of Fuel Oil Availability.
Figures. Figure 1 Schematic overview of energy demand model 24 Figure 2 Energy use per ship type in and 26 Figure 3 Decomposition of changes in energy use between andbase case 27 Figure 4 Cost-effectiveness of EGCSs as a function of engine size Updated daily.
Explore all research articles, conference papers, preprints and more on PETROLEUM REFINING. Find methods information, sources, references or conduct a literature review on PETROLEUM.
Book: Pollution prevention in the petroleum refining industry. Pollution prevention in the petroleum refining industry. Full Record; Other Related Research. Petroleum Refineries. Final Rule: Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases. Under the Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) rule, owners or operators of facilities that refine petroleum must report emissions from petroleum refining processes and all other source categories located at the facility for which methods are defined in the rule.
Finally, the use of an environmental impact assessment study for pollutant emission and ambient quality monitoring will be discussed. Keywords Emission Factor Pollution Abatement Oily Sludge Sulphur Recovery Environmental Impact StudyAuthor: G.
Drogaris. Petroleum Refining Activities and Environmental Issues Air Emissions Water Effluents Solid Wastes 4. Environmental Risks of the Oil Industry 5. Conclusions and Recommendations Related Chapters Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary This chapter aims to present the main environmental impacts of the oil and gas industry.
Page - Abbott, MM, TG Kaufmann and L. Domash (), "A correlation for predicting liquid viscosities of petroleum fractions". Can. J. Chem. Eng., Vol. 49, p. Anon.
(), "Assessment of the energy balances and economic consequences of the reduction and elimination of lead in gasoline". .Emissions Estimation Protocol for Petroleum Refineries Version 3 Table of Contents List of Figures Figure Illustration of alternative methods to determine equipment leak emissions from routine monitoring data Figure select article Indices employed for the assessment of “urban outdoor ventilation” - A review.
article Contrasts in chemical composition and oxidative potential in PM10 near flares in oil extraction and refining areas in Ecuador. High resolution inventory of atmospheric emissions from livestock production, agriculture, and.